A quick one just in case anybody is struggling to build Erlang-r16 on OSX. I wanted to play around with Elixir the latest and slightly more offbeat (dare I say hipster) functional language to hit the big time, Elixir runs on the Erlang VM and you need Erlang-r16 to build and run Elixir.
brew tap homebrew/versions brew install erlang-r16
However I got compile errors when running the install (note I think this may be even specific to the latest MacBooks with the new Haswell chips).
erl -noshell -noinput -run prepare_templates gen_asn1ct_rtt \ asn1rtt_check.beam asn1rtt_ext.beam asn1rtt_per_common.beam asn1rtt_real_common.beam asn1rtt_ber.beam asn1rtt_per.beam asn1rtt_uper.beam >asn1ct_rtt.erl erlc -W +debug_info -I/private/tmp/erlang-r16-HFuS/otp-OTP_R16B/lib/stdlib -Werror -o../ebin asn1ct_rtt.erl Running Erlang asn1ct_rtt.erl:1: syntax error before: Running asn1ct_rtt.erl:14: no module definition make: *** [../ebin/asn1ct_rtt.beam] Error 1 make: *** [opt] Error 2 make: *** [secondary_bootstrap_build] Error 2
The reason for this is that newer Macs with the latest versions of X-Code use LLVM-GCC and not GNU GCC. Homebrew now attempts to build with LLVM by default which is probably sensible as this is the platform compiler, however it is likely for a fair number of packages this won’t work as their builds have not been tested on LLVM. This seems to be the case with the latest Erlang versions.
The additional problem at the moment seems to be that the Homebrew project is currently changing the way they handle the situation around cross compiling with different C compilers.
You can use the homebrew-versions tap to install a specific gcc e.g.
brew tap homebrew/versions brew install gcc48
However in Homebrew 0.9.4 at least there seems to be no way of telling it to use these GCC versions when building. You can specify
--use-gcc or set the HOMEBREW_CC environment variable but neither worked for me. This issue got me thinking as the only success people had seemed to have is where they had the apple-gcc42 compiler.
When you do
export HOMEBREW_CC=gcc Homebrew seems to be hardcoded to look for the apple-gcc42 package and not any from the homebrew-versions tap. I think this pull request will make this integration smoother.
For the time being then, to get a working Elixir and Erlang do the following:
export HOMEBREW_CC=gcc brew update brew tap homebrew/dupes brew install apple-gcc42 brew install erlang-r16 brew install elixir
You can probably avoid exporting HOMEBREW_CC and just use (but I haven’t tested this method):
brew update brew tap homebrew/dupes brew install apple-gcc42 brew install --use-gcc erlang-r16 brew install elixir
This gets the 4.2 GCC that currently Homebrew is hardcoded to look for, indeed you can see this if you run
brew --config as it now lists a GCC-4.2 value which would have been absent before:
HOMEBREW_VERSION: 0.9.4 ORIGIN: https://github.com/mxcl/homebrew HEAD: 6b5b347332f7fdad35a5deab79fa71018e02a2b4 HOMEBREW_PREFIX: /usr/local HOMEBREW_CELLAR: /usr/local/Cellar CPU: quad-core 64-bit haswell OS X: 10.8.4-x86_64 Xcode: 4.6.3 CLT: 184.108.40.206.1.1365549073 GCC-4.2: build 5666 LLVM-GCC: build 2336 Clang: 4.2 build 425 X11: N/A System Ruby: 1.8.7-358 Perl: /usr/bin/perl Python: /usr/bin/python Ruby: /Users/matthewrobbins/.rbenv/shims/ruby